8. Sudipta Roy, Peter Stollberg, Regine Herbst-Irmer, Dietmar Stalke, Diego M. Andrada, Gernot Frenking, and Herbert W. Roesky. Carbene-Dichlorosilylene Stabilized Phosphinidenes Exhibiting Strong Intramolecular Charge Transfer Transition.
The unstable species dichlorosilylene was previously stabilized by carbene. The lone pair of electrons on the silicon atom of (carbene)SiCl2 can form a coordinate bond with metal-carbonyls. Herein we report that (carbene)SiCl2 can stabilize a phosphinidene (Ar-P, a carbone analogue) with the general formula carbene→SiCl2→P-Ar (carbene = cyclic alkyl(amino) carbene (cAAC; 2.) and N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC; 3)). Compounds 2 and 3 are stable, isolable, and storable at 0 °C (2) to room temperature (3) under an inert atmosphere. The crystals of 2 and 3 are dark blue and red, respectively. The intense blue color of 2 arises due to the strong intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) transition from πSi=P→π*cAAC. The electronic structure and bonding of 2, 3 were studied by theoretical calculations. The HOMO of the molecule is located on the πSi=P bond while the LUMO is located at the carbene moiety (cAAC or NHC). The dramatic change in color of these compounds from /red (3, NHC) to blue (2, cAAC) is ascribed to the difference in energy of the LUMO within the carbenes (cAAC/NHC) due to a lower lying LUMO of cAAC.